European Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
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The 105 Articles of the Convention & Protocols

Treaty 5 : Convention - Effective 3 September 1953 Preamble Article 1 : Obligation to respect human rights Article 2 : Right to life Article 3 : Prohibition of torture Article 4 : Prohibition of slavery and forced labour Article 5 : Right to liberty and security Article 6 : Right to a fair trial Article 7 : No punishment without law Article 8 : Right to respect for private and family life Article 9 : Freedom of thought, conscience and religion Article 10 : Freedom of expression Article 11 : Freedom of assembly and association Article 12 : Right to marry Article 13 : Right to an effective remedy Article 14 : Prohibition of discrimination Article 15 : Derogation in time of emergency Article 16 : Restrictions on political activity of aliens Article 17 : Prohibition of abuse of rights Article 18 : Limitation on use of restrictions on rights Article 19 : Establishment of the Court Article 20 : Number of judges Article 21 : Criteria for office Article 22 : Election of judges Article 23 : Terms of office and dismissal Article 24 : Registry and rapporteurs Article 25 : Plenary Court Article 26 : Single-judge formation, committees, Chambers and Grand Chamber Article 27 : Competence of single judges Article 28 : Competence of committees Article 29 : Decisions by Chambers on admissibility Article 30 : Relinquishment of jurisdiction to the Grand Chamber Article 31 : Powers of the Grand Chamber Article 32 : Jurisdiction of the Court Article 33 : Inter-State cases Article 34 : Individual applications Article 35 : Admissibility criteria Article 36 : Third party intervention Article 37 : Striking out applications Article 38 : Examination of the case Article 39 : Friendly settlements Article 40 : Public hearings and access to documents Article 41 : Just satisfaction Article 42 : Judgments of Chambers Article 43 : Referral to the Grand Chamber Article 44 : Final judgments Article 45 : Reasons for judgments and decisions Article 46 : Binding force and execution of judgments Article 47 : Advisory opinions Article 48 : Advisory jurisdiction of the Court Article 49 : Reasons for advisory opinions Article 50 : Expenditure on the Court Article 51 : Privileges and immunities of judges Article 52 : Inquiries by the Secretary General Article 53 : Safeguard for existing human rights Article 54 : Powers of the Committee of Ministers Article 55 : Exclusion of other means of dispute settlement Article 56 : Territorial application Article 57 : Reservations Article 58 : Denunciation Article 59 : Signature and ratification Treaty 9 : Protocol 1 - Effective 18 May 1954 Article 1 : Protection of property Article 2 : Right to education Article 3 : Right to free elections Article 4 : Territorial application Article 5 : Relationship to the Convention Article 6 : Signature and ratification Treaty 44 : Protocol 2 - Effective 21 September 1970 Preamble Article 1 : Court's advisory opinions Article 2 : Court's advisory opinions Article 3 : Court's advisory opinions Article 4 : Court's advisory opinions Article 5 : Court's advisory opinions Treaty 45 : Protocol 3 - Effective 21 September 1970 Treaty 46 : Protocol 4 - Effective 2 May 1968 Article 1 : Prohibition of imprisonment for debt Article 2 : Freedom of movement Article 3 : Prohibition of expulsion of nationals Article 4 : Prohibition of collective expulsion of aliens Article 5 : Territorial application Article 6 : Relationship to the Convention Article 7 : Signature and ratification Treaty 55 : Protocol 5 - Effective 20 December 1971 Treaty 114 : Protocol 6 - Effective 1 March 1985 Article 1 : Abolition of the death penalty Article 2 : Death penalty in time of war Article 3 : Prohibition of derogations Article 4 : Prohibition of reservations Article 5 : Territorial application Article 6 : Relationship to the Convention Article 7 : Signature and ratification Article 8 : Entry into force Article 9 : Depositary functions Treaty 117 : Protocol 7 - Effective 1 November 1988 Article 1 : Procedural safeguards relating to expulsion of aliens Article 2 : Right of appeal in criminal matters Article 3 : Compensation for wrongful conviction Article 4 : Right not to be tried or punished twice Article 5 : Equality between spouses Article 6 : Territorial application Article 7 : Relationship to the Convention Article 8 : Signature and ratification Article 9 : Entry into force Article 10 : Depositary functions Treaty 118 : Protocol 8 - Effective 1 January 1990 Treaty 140 : Protocol 9 - Repealed by Protocol 11, Article 2(8) Treaty 146 : Protocol 10 - Superseded by Protocol 11 Treaty 155 : Protocol 11 - Effective 1 November 1998 Treaty 177 : Protocol 12 - Effective 1 April 2005 Article 1 : General prohibition of discrimination Article 2 : Territorial application Article 3 : Relationship to the Convention Article 4 : Signature and ratification Article 5 : Entry into force Article 6 : Depositary functions Treaty 187 : Protocol 13 - Effective 1 July 2003 Article 1 : Abolition of the death penalty Article 2 : Prohibitions of derogations Article 3 : Prohibitions of reservations Article 4 : Territorial application Article 5 : Relationship to the Convention Article 6 : Signature and ratification Article 7 : Entry into force Article 8 : Depositary functions Treaty 194 : Protocol 14 - Effective 1 June 2010 Article 1 : Amendment to Article 22 Article 2 : Amendment to Article 23 Article 3 : Deletion of Article 24 Article 4 : Amending and re-numbering of Article 25 Article 5 : Amending and re-numbering of Article 26 Article 6 : Amending and re-numbering of Article 27 Article 7 : Creating new Article 27 Article 8 : Amending Article 28 Article 9 : Amending Article 29 Article 10 : Amending Article 31 Article 11 : Amending Article 32 Article 12 : Amending Article 35 Article 13 : Amending Article 36 Article 14 : Amending Article 38 Article 15 : Amending Article 39 Article 16 : Amending Article 46 Article 17 : Amending Article 59 Article 18 : Final and transitional provisions Article 19 : Commencement Article 20 : Application Article 21 : Duration of Judges' Appointments Article 22 : Conclusion Treaty 213 : Protocol 15 - Effective (not yet) Preamble Article 1 : Convention Preamble Addition Article 2 : Articles 21 & 23 amendments Article 3 : Article 30 amendment Article 4 : Article 35 amendment Article 5 : Article 35 amendment Article 6 : Article 7 : Commencement Article 8 : Implementation Conditions Article 9 : Conclusion Treaty 214 : Protocol 16 - Effective (not yet) Preamble Article 1 : Requesting Advisory Opinion Article 2 : Considering Advisory Requests Article 3 : Third Party Rights Article 4 : Advisory Opinion Delivery Article 5 : Advisory Opions Status Article 6 : Articles 1 - 5 status Article 7 : Article 8 : Commencement Article 9 : No Article 57 Reservation Article 10 : Article 11 :

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