European Union's Charter of 54 Fundamental Rights
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Article 47
Right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial

  1. Everyone whose rights and freedoms guaranteed by the law of the Union are violated has the right to an effective remedy before a tribunal in compliance with the conditions laid down in this Article.
  2. Everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal previously established by law.
  3. Everyone shall have the possibility of being advised, defended and represented.
  4. Legal aid shall be made available to those who lack sufficient resources in so far as such aid is necessary to ensure effective access to justice.