European Union's Charter of 54 Fundamental Rights
EU Fundamental Rights : PREAMBLE
- The peoples of Europe, in creating an ever closer union
among them, are resolved to share a peaceful future based on common values.
- Conscious of its spiritual and moral heritage, the Union is
founded on the indivisible, universal values of human dignity, freedom,
equality and solidarity; it is based on the principles of democracy and the
rule of law.
- It places the individual at the heart of its activities, by
establishing the citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of
freedom, security and justice.
- The Union contributes to the preservation and to the
development of these common values while respecting the diversity of the
cultures and traditions of the peoples of Europe as well as the national
identities of the Member States and the organisation of their public
authorities at national, regional and local levels; it seeks to promote
balanced and sustainable development and ensures free movement of persons,
goods, services and capital, and the freedom of establishment.
- To this end, it is necessary to strengthen the protection of
fundamental rights in the light of changes in society, social progress and
scientific and technological developments by making those rights more
visible in a Charter.
- This Charter reaffirms, with due regard for the powers and
tasks of the Community and the Union and the principle of subsidiarity, the
rights as they result, in particular, from the constitutional traditions and
international obligations common to the Member States, the Treaty on
European Union, the Community Treaties, the European Convention for the
Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the Social Charters
adopted by the Community and by the Council of Europe and the case-law of
the Court of Justice of the European Communities and of the European Court
of Human Rights.
- Enjoyment of these rights entails responsibilities and
duties with regard to other persons, to the human community and to future
- The Union therefore recognises the rights, freedoms and
principles set out hereafter.
Article 51. Scope
Article 52. Scope of guaranteed rights
Article 53. Level of protection
Article 54. Prohibition of abuse of rights